We are reminded of social bonds freed from the Kovid-19 epidemic. In hospitals, coronavirus patients struggle with the disease in isolation, receive care from armored health care personnel in personal protective equipment and say a final goodbye via phone or iPad. Meanwhile, public health measures such as lockdowns, masks and social disturbances have hollowed out our ability to interact with others.
Even in patients who are still visible in the flesh, the reflex impulse to avoid touch now may result in an abusive or hasty examination.
In medicine, these results extend beyond patients suffering from coronavirus. As “virtual” doctor appointments, which account for an estimated 20 percent of total medical visits in 2020, have outstripped traditional in-person visits, physical exams have become a notable accident. Even for patients who are still visible in the flesh, a conscious impulse to avoid touch may result in a humiliating or hasty examination.
Due to the lack of time with patients and the clinical superiority of laboratory tests, procedures, and radiographic imaging, many doctors already consider a physical exam a greeting. The SARS-COV-2 epidemic further jeopardizes this practice, further emphasizing the centrality of physical contact in the doctor-patient relationship. But as the use of examination techniques and medical devices becomes more digestible, physicians are creating a costly custom that minimizes medical errors and, most important, humanization of medicine.
In the late 1700s, an Austrian physician named Leopold Auenbrüger discovered that the deformity of various organs of the human body could be determined by touch. After watching his father tap on the wine chest to assess his volume, he reproduced the technique with his patients. By tapping, or collision, organs such as the heart, lungs, or liver, Auenbrugger discovered abnormalities such as fluid accumulation or growth.
It became a inflection point for medicine, as a rash of techniques and means emerged, given the findings of Auenbrüger, a stethoscope, reflex hammer and blood pressure cuff. And as it became possible to discover human disease through hearing, touch, and observation, physical examination became a fixture in the doctor-patient relationship.
In recent decades, however, the use of diagnostic and laboratory tests has increased. The far-reaching potential of laboratory tests, the stringent steps taken by insurers and bureaucrats over time, have limited physical examination at best and considered the fewest at worst. Radiographic testing, like an MRI or CT scan, provides granular information about diseased organs that cannot replicate even the most efficient tactile examination. Furthermore, despite the ubiquity of the stethoscope in health care, doctors rely more on echocardiograms to detect heartbeat and other structural abnormalities, and not on the sensitivity of their ears. Perhaps not surprisingly, then, exam skills have been in decline for a long time.
A 2019 study published in JAMA Internal Medicine found that new internal medicine trainees, or trainees, spent about 90 percent of their time away from patients. Even a small fraction of the patients’ face-to-face time allocated was spent in multitasking (viewing medical records or documentation work).
These findings indicate how patients are increasingly becoming virtual “iPatients”, short of face or touch and identified by their laboratories, radiographic images, and procedure reports.
These findings show how patients are increasingly becoming virtual “iPatients”, short of face or touch and identified by their laboratories, radiographic images, and procedure reports. Coronavirus epidemics have occurred during this era in medicine. And with this comes an unprecedented need for doctor and patient safety.
In addition to hospitalized Covid-19 patients whose examinations are limited due to isolation and protective equipment, the risk for pre-symptomatic or asymptomatic transmission is simultaneously occupied by a doctor and his patient at any location. To reduce this danger in the clinic, virtual telehealth has been blessed and embraced by insurers, by physicians and patients.
Professor of University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Drs. Philip Masters wrote in KevinMD: “It seems as if an invisible ‘coronavirus wall’ has been erected between us and our patients. And of course the essential, implication of this’. Virtual constraint on our relationships with patients. ‘Is neither subtle nor insignificant. “
This is an achievement that medical students and medical residents, who have been newly introduced in medicine, will now undergo training. With their time already reduced to bedside prior to the epidemic, these new pressures can reduce already poor interactions and further aggravate the patient. in the computer.
Although it is tempting to think that physical examination is an old practice that was best suited for the fetal days of medicine, the data suggest otherwise. For example, look at this 2015 study published in the American Journal of Medicine, which looked at 208 cases of oversights on physical examination. It was found that 63 percent of oversights could only be prevented from performing a physical examination. Furthermore, these deficiencies led to an incorrect or delayed diagnosis in 76 percent of cases.
In addition, complete physical inspection of a patient can provide information that cannot be performed only by radiographic images. A 2019 study in the journal Hernia found that the presence and accuracy of physical examination information provided to radiologists affects the diagnosis of abdominal wall hernia in 25 percent of cases. Critically, a 2016 study published in Current Oncology concluded that mammography could miss a significant number of cancers in the absence of physical breast examinations.
For doctors, physical exams should be secured at a moment when medical and specialized knowledge is threatened.
For doctors, physical exams should be secured at a moment when medical and specialized knowledge is threatened. Dr. Paul Hyman, as a primary care physician, recently noted in JAMA Internal Medicine, “Those skills are sometimes challenged in a world where patients research their own health and their own medicine Stories develop. “
“Physical examination is a place where I appreciate some specific value,” he wrote.
But beyond the clinical usefulness for physical examination, sick and vulnerable patients are seen as being seen, heard and touched by their doctors. Although this “laying on of hands” is a simple act, it is an important ritual in medicine that communicates the sympathy, concern, and presence of a physician. As a physician at Stanford Medical Center, Drs. Abraham Varghese observed of the willingness of sick patients to be examined, “I think there is a human need to pay attention to this, especially in the context of disease. That person’s . “
As of now, it is uncertain how many of the adaptations being made in medicine will prove permanent in our post-epidemic world. But physical examination is an area of medicine that must endure because of its irrelevance to diagnosis and its human impact on the doctor-patient relationship. And while the mass arrival of vaccines allows us to rekindle some of our extinguished human bonds, perhaps little attention is paid to the details of patients’ lives when they appear virtually, or Despite touching them with hands, the purity of the relationship protects behavior.