NEW YORK – David Dinkins, who overcame the odds as the first African-American mayor of New York City, but was devastated for a single word by his audacity of a rising murder rate, stubborn unemployment and a riot in Brooklyn. He was 93.
Dinkins died on Monday, the New York City Police Department confirmed. The department said that officers were called to the former mayor’s house in the evening. Early indications were that he died of natural causes.
Dinkins died a few weeks after the death of his wife Joyce, who died in October at the age of 89.
A calm and well-mannered dotted with a calm for tennis and formal wear, his predecessor, Ed Koch, and his successor, Rudolf Giuliani – a city of both combative and often rude politicians with a world-class reputation. There was a dramatic change. For impatience and rudeness.
In his inaugural address, he spoke of New York as “a grand mosaic of race and religious belief, of national origin and sexual orientation, of individuals whose families had arrived yesterday and generations ago, Ellis Island or Kennedy Airport, or Buses came to the Port Authority. “
But the city he inherited had an ugly side too.
AIDS, gun and crack cocaine killed thousands of people every year. Unemployment has increased. There was a lot of rift among the families. The city faced a budget deficit of $ 1.5 billion.
Dinkins’s low-key, supposed approach quickly became perceived as a flaw. Critics said that he was too soft and too slow.
“Dave, do something!” Shouted into a New York Post headline in 1990, Dayin’s first year.
Dinkins did a lot at City Hall. He raised taxes to hire thousands of police officers. He spent billions of dollars to revive neglected housing. His administration got Walt Disney Corp to invest in the cleanup of then-square Times Square.
In recent years, he has received more credit for those achievements – Mayor Bill de Blasio said he always has. Dinkucio, who worked in Dinins’ administration, named Manhattan’s city building in October 2015 after the former mayor.
New York Attorney General Letitia James said, “For example, Mayor David Dinkins envisioned the most powerful lighthouse for all of us, breaking barriers as the state’s first black woman elected to statewide office gives.”
“I was honored, because I honored him to have the Bible at his inauguration because I, and others, stood on his shoulders,” she said.
The results of his accomplishments, however, did not come fast enough to earn the Dinkins a second term.
1 in 1969 After beating Giuliani by only 6,000,000 votes out of the cast5 million cast, Dinins lost a rematch by nearly the same margin in 193.
Political historians frequently trace Dinkins’ defeat in 1991 to deal with the Crown Heights riot in Brooklyn.
The violence began when a 7-year-old boy was accidentally killed by a car in the motorcycle of an Orthodox Jewish religious leader. During the three-day anti-Jewish riots, a battered student was badly stabbed by young black men. About 190 people were hurt.
In a state report released in an election year, 1993, Dinkin made clear about repeated allegations that he deliberately held back the police in the first days of the violence, but criticized him for not stepping down as a leader. .
In a 2013 memoir, Dinkins accused the police department of allowing the mess to get out of hand, and also took a portion of the blame on the grounds that “the money went off with me.” But he blamed his election defeat on his predecessor: “I think it was just racist, pure and simple.”
Born on July 10, 1927 in Trenton, New Jersey, Dinkins moved with his mother to Harlem when his parents divorced, but returned to his hometown to attend high school. There, he learned an early lesson of discrimination: blacks were not allowed to use the school swimming pool.
During a hitch in the Marine Corps as a youngster, a southern bus driver stopped him from boarding a separate bus as the section filled up for blacks.
“And I was in my country’s uniform!” Dinkins reunited years later.
While attending Howard University, a historically black university in Washington, DC, Dinins said he gained entry into different movie theaters by wearing a turban and filming it in a foreign accent.
Back in New York with a mathematics degree, Dinkins married his college girlfriend, Joyce Burrows, in 1953. His father-in-law, a power in local Democratic politics, incorporated Dinklix into the Harlem Political Club. Dinkins earned his law degree from Brooklyn Law School, paid his dues as a Democratic official and then went into private practice.
He was elected to the state assembly in 1965, became the first black president of the city’s Board of Elections in 1972 and went on to serve as Manhattan Borough Speaker.
Dinkins was elected as mayor in 1989 following two racial allegations that took place under Koch: the rape of a white jogger in Central Park and the prejudicial murder of a black teenager in Bensonhurst.
Dinkins defeated Koch by 50 percent to 42 percent in the Democratic primary. But in a city where the party’s registration was 5-to-1 Democratic, Dinkins was barely scraped by Republican Giuliani in the general election, capturing only 30 percent of the white vote.
There was an early high note in his administration: the release of Nelson Mandela made New York City its first stop in America in the 1990s. Dinkins was a longtime vocal critic of apartheid in South Africa.
In the same year, however, Dinkins was criticized for dealing with a black-led boycott of Korean-run grocery stores in Brooklyn. Critics said that Dinin waited too long to intervene. He eventually crossed the boycott line to shop at the stores – but only after the coach.
During Dinkins’ tenure, the city was in rough shape due to a recession costing 357,000 private sector jobs in New York in its first three years in fiscal years.
Meanwhile, the city’s assassination reached an all-time high, with a record 2,245 during his first year as mayor. 8,340 New Yorkers were killed during the Dinkins administration – the most four-year bloodshed since the New York Police Department placed the figures in 1963.
In the final years of his administration, record-high homosexuals began a decline that continued for decades. In the first year of the Giuliani administration, the killings increased from 1,946 to 1,561.
In 1993, one of Dinkins’ final acts was to sign an agreement with the United States Tennis Association that gave the organization a 99-year lease on city land in Queens, in exchange for the construction of a tennis complex. The deal guaranteed that the US Open would remain in New York City for decades.
After leaving the post, Dinkins was a professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs.
In August 2008 he was inserted a pacemaker, and underwent an emergency appendectomy in October 2007. He was hospitalized in March 1992 for a bacterial infection that had emerged from an abscess on his large intestine wall. He was treated with antibiotics in a week.
Dinkins is survived by his son David Jr .; And daughter, Donna, and two grandchildren.